Taj Mahal Facts

11 Interesting Facts About the Taj Mahal

1. Legend says that the constructor of the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan, had planned to build another Taj Mahal. This one would be made of black marble and constructed across the river, but his plans were interrupted by his sons' war. 

2. The Taj Mahal took 17 years to build, and it was constructed for Shah Jahan's third and most beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

3. The Taj Mahal has four completely identical sides, which creates a mirror image on all walls. It uses symmetry of architectural elements and uses principles of self-replicating geometry.

4. The Taj Mahal is 171 meters (561 feet) tall.

5. The British ripped off many of the treasured stones on the wall of the Taj Mahal during the Indian rebellion of 1857. As many as 28 different types and varieties of precious stones were used to decorate and embellish the Taj Mahal. 

6. It is believed that it took more than 22,000 people to build this building. These people included laborers, stonecutters, embroidery artists, painters, and many more.

7. The Taj Mahal emits different colors at different points in the day. In the morning, the building has a pinkish hue. The building is milky white in the evening. At night, when lit by the moon, the building is golden. It is said that the change in colors symbolizes the changing moods of women, and especially the Emperor's wife.

8. It is reported that the death of Mumtaz Mahal crushed the Emperor. All his hair and all of his beard grew to a snow white color in a matter of months. 

9. The Taj Mahal is surrounded by other significant buildings. These include a mosque and guest houses that take up an impressive 17 hectares of land within the complex walls of the Taj Mahal. There are also numerous and extensive gardens surrounding the Taj Mahal.

10. Over a thousand elephant were used to transport the construction materials used to build the Taj Mahal.

11. Passages from the Quran were used to decorate certain elements in the complex. 99 names of Allah can be found and were incorporated at calligraphic inscriptions.